What kind of technology do TVs use for home?

The television has become a ubiquitous fixture in our homes, a window to entertainment, news, and the wider world. But how exactly do these screens produce the captivating images and sounds that we enjoy? This journey into home TV technology explores the inner workings of these modern marvels, delving into the science behind the moving picture.

The core of any TV is its display technology, which dictates how images are formed and presented. Here are the main contenders:

  1. LCD (Liquid Crystal Display): The most common type, LCD TV use a liquid crystal layer sandwiched between two polarizing filters. An electrical current manipulates the crystals, allowing light from a backlight to pass through and create the image. LCDs offer good picture quality, affordability, and a wide range of sizes. However, contrast levels can be weaker compared to other technologies. LCD TV price in Bangladesh is much lower.
  2. LED (Light-Emitting Diode): Often confused with LCD, LED is actually the backlighting technology used in most LCD TVs. Instead of fluorescent bulbs, LEDs offer superior energy efficiency and better control over brightness. There are two main LED backlighting configurations: edge-lit, where LEDs line the TV edges, and full-array backlighting, which provides more precise control over brightness and contrast. LED TV price in Bangladesh is midrange and it is very popular middle class people. 
  3. OLED (Organic Light-Emitting Diode): Taking things a step further, OLED TVs are self-illuminating. Each pixel in an OLED display generates its own light, leading to superior contrast ratios, deeper blacks, and incredibly vivid colors. Viewing angles are also wider compared to LCD. However, OLED technology comes at a premium and can be susceptible to image burn-in if static images are displayed for extended periods. OLED TV price in Bangladesh is much higher. 
  4. QLED (Quantum Dot Light-Emitting Diode): A challenger to OLED, QLED combines LED backlighting with a layer of quantum dots, tiny particles that enhance color reproduction. QLED TVs offer excellent brightness and vibrant colors, making them ideal for well-lit rooms. While not as self-illuminating as OLED, they boast improved burn-in resistance. QLED TV is most expensive TV than other Technology. 
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Major Feature and facility for all kinds TV technology

Modern TVs go far beyond simply displaying images. Here are some additional technologies that contribute to an immersive viewing experience:

Resolution: Measured in pixels (horizontal x vertical), resolution determines the sharpness and detail of the picture. Common resolutions include HD (720p), Full HD (1080p), Ultra HD (4K), and even 8K. Higher resolutions offer a more realistic and detailed viewing experience, especially on larger screens.

HDR (High Dynamic Range): This technology expands the contrast ratio between the brightest whites and darkest blacks, resulting in a more lifelike image with greater depth and detail. HDR content is becoming increasingly available through streaming services and Blu-ray discs.

Refresh Rate: Measured in Hertz (Hz), the refresh rate refers to how many times per second the image on the screen is updated. A higher refresh rate (typically 60Hz or 120Hz) provides smoother motion and reduces blurring during fast-paced scenes, making it ideal for sports and action movies.

Smart TV Features: Most modern TVs are “smart,” meaning they connect to the internet and offer a variety of features beyond traditional broadcasting. This includes access to streaming services, online content, web browsing, and even apps for gaming and social media.

Multi-channel Surround Sound: This replicates the surround sound experience of a movie theater, with dedicated channels for front, center, rear, and sometimes even overhead speakers. It can be achieved through built-in speakers or an external surround sound system.

Dolby Atmos and DTS:X: These object-based surround sound technologies go beyond traditional channel-based systems. They create a more dynamic and immersive soundscape by placing sounds in a three-dimensional space, allowing them to move around the listener.

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Soundbar Integration: For those who want to enhance the built-in speakers without a full surround sound setup, a soundbar offers a compact and powerful solution. They often connect directly to the TV via HDMI (High-Definition Multimedia Interface) and provide a significant improvement in audio quality.

Fanally, 

Buying a TV by looking at the above features can get you a good TV. Which will serve you well for a long time and can be used freely.